Which trees are found in tropical forest in India?
In India, evergreen forests are found in the western slopes of the Western Ghats in States such as Kerala and Karnataka. They are also found in hills of Jaintia and Khasi. Some of the trees found in Indian Tropical Forests are rosewood, mahogany and ebony. Bamboos and reeds are also common.
Where are evergreen forests found in India?
Evergreen forests may be found in the Assam Valley, the eastern Himalayan foothills, and the lower sections of the Naga Hills, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Manipur when the annual rainfall surpasses 2,300 mm (91 in). The trees of tropical evergreen forests reach great heights up to 60 m or above and have abundant vegetation with creepers and bushes.
What are deciduous forests in India?
There are various kinds of forests depending upon the topography and climate. Tropical Deciduous Forests are one of the kinds. In India, these forests are most widespread. Natural Vegetation is an important topic for the IAS Exam, Geography Syllabus of Mains GS-I. This article will provide you with important facts about Deciduous Forests in India.
What are the characteristics of tropical wet evergreen forests in India?
The tropical wet evergreen forest in India is usually found in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and having a temperature of 15-30 degrees Celsius. They occupy about 7% of the earths surface. They are found mostly near the equator. These forests are dense and multi-layered. They harbor many types of plants and animals.
What are tropical evergreen forests called?
These forests are also known as Tropical Rainforests. Tropical evergreen woods, tropical semi-evergreen forests, and tropical monsoon forests may be found on the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
How does the natural vegetation of India change with altitude?
In mountainous areas, the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude leads to the corresponding change in natural vegetation of India. You can find the wet temperate type of forests between a height of 1000 and 2000 metres.
How does the vegetation of India change from one region to another?
Depending upon the variations in the climate and the soil, the vegetation of India changes from one region to another.
How does altitude affect the vegetation in hills and mountains?
Particularly the vegetation in hills and mountains is highly influenced by the temperature. For example, in the Himalayas, tropical evergreen vegetation can be found in lower altitudes. However, as the altitude increases, the temperature falls, and thus the nature of vegetation changes from evergreen to alpine.
What is the natural vegetation in the Himalayas?
In mountainous areas, the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude leads to a corresponding change in natural vegetation. The Himalayan ranges show a succession of vegetation from the tropical to the tundra, with change in the altitude. Deciduous forests are found in the foothills of the Himalayas.
How does the climate affect the type of vegetation?
Also, study the Types of rainfall here. Along with the nature of soil and precipitation, the temperature of a region determines the character and extent of the natural vegetation. Particularly the vegetation in hills and mountains is highly influenced by the temperature.